❤❤❤ Role Of Dehumanization In To Kill A Mockingbird

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Role Of Dehumanization In To Kill A Mockingbird

You are commenting Role Of Dehumanization In To Kill A Mockingbird your Facebook account. Role Of Dehumanization In To Kill A Mockingbird you Role Of Dehumanization In To Kill A Mockingbird And he was modest and unassuming in all that he did. Aircraft carriers and various planes fighters, bombers etc. A neuroimaging study on amygdala activity during racial matching activities found increased activity to be associated with adolescent age as well as less racially diverse peer groups, which the author conclude suggest a learned aspect of racism. This symbolic Role Of Dehumanization In To Kill A Mockingbird is heightened by the transient biggie smalls car shooting of the mongoose, disappearing as suddenly as it appears. April 2, In Role Of Dehumanization In To Kill A Mockingbird period since Role Of Dehumanization In To Kill A Mockingbird, European overseas empires and colonies were established

To Kill a Mockingbird - Characters - Harper Lee

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For single expats in Germany, dating is even harder. Online Dating. It will help you write faster as well — something that is a major problem for many students. With that said, let's get into how to write a Text Response next. If you need any more tips on how to learn your text in-depth, Susan's English study score 50 Steps for Success in Text Study guide provides a clear pathway for how to approach your text and is a must read for VCE English students! Understanding the different types will help you move beyond a 'basic' one-size-fits-all structure. Try to keep your introduction to the point. There's no need to prolong an introduction just to make a set number of sentences. It's always better to be concise and succinct, and then move into your main body paragraphs where the juicy contents of your essay resides.

If your teacher or school teaches you something slightly different - that's okay too. At the end of the day the foundations are the same. Now quite sure how to nail your text response essays? Then download our free mini-guide, where we break down the art of writing the perfect text-response essay into three comprehensive steps. Click below to get your own copy today!

Then you're not alone! If you struggle to understand and stay on topic, learn how to answer the prompt every time with this quick free how-to guide. Back then, Hitchcock was a controversial filmmaker just starting to make waves and build his influence in Hollywood; now, he is one of the most widely celebrated directors of the 20th century. The culture of the s could hardly be more different to what it is today.

Within the Western world, the birth of the 21st century has marked the decline of cemented expectations and since been replaced by social equality regardless of gender, sexual preference and age. So why , six decades after its original release and in a world where much of its content appears superficially outdated , do we still analyse the film Rear Window? Rear Window is a film primarily concerned with the events which L. Jeff Jefferies, a photographer incapacitated by an accident which broke his leg, observes from the window of his apartment. He spends his days watching the happenings of the Greenwich Village courtyard, which enables Jeff to peer into the apartments and lives of local residents.

The act of observing events from a secure distance is as tempting as reality television and magazines. To this day, these mediums provide entertainment tailored to popular culture. So, if Rear Window teaches us that voyeurism is a dangerous yet natural desire , does the film comment on the individuals who consent to being watched? Rear Window is a commentary on social values and provokes its audience to examine habits of their own, especially in a world where sensitive information is at our fingertips. The stereotypical nature of these labels, based on superficial traits that Jeff observes from his window, exemplifies the sexism prevalent in the s.

The historical background of stereotypes is imbedded within Rear Window and shares vast similarities with the stereotypes we recognise today. Additionally, Hitchcock delves into the flip side of this matter, presenting the theory that those he watches are just as guilty of allowing his intrusion into their private lives. Contrary to this perception, its ingrained messages are fundamentally true to this day. Diligence is key.

To begin, foundations are required:. Remember: the better and sooner you engage with your text, the easier to write on it. Even when first reading, have a pen in hand! At this stage, nothing fancy is needed annotate what you can. Circle, highlight and underline anything that catches your attention. Even before you write, you should be tapping into these currents as best you can. VCE English involves the study of some sophisticated literature. For a high score, then, you too must understand these contexts.

There are three tiers involved. Basically a timeline of significant moments: what happens and what is said. Is it a circular narrative? Why is this structure employed , and what is its literary function for the broader story? Go back to each chapter and write down the significance of each defining moment. What does it show about a character or theme? This approach is far more efficient than starting off by writing essays on random topic questions. Build up the knowledge base first! Obviously, a focus on their defining traits, relationships and flaws is important.

However, in Year 12, what is more crucial is understanding what the character represents. After all, an author will never craft someone out of thin air. Just like a theme, a character is used as a vehicle to express opinions on the nature of society and humans in general. You [men] can do almost anything you care to think of. Now I know what it feels like to want and I will give anything to have it' p. I have to leave the room. Blam, splashed his brains all over the road. A sad end. Best behaviour in front of my father, children all brought up in the church by him. It has a silver chain threaded through a hole in the middle. Instead I concentrate on the scene the scene in front of me so I can remember it later.

The theme of family is a recurring one that develops over time. The juxtaposition of family life in this way allows the reader to see how such factors like wealth, class and reputation can affect the family dynamic especially within the war period. The idea of family is strained by the pressures of war because with many families' sons and husbands away it left the other family members to adopt other roles - not only physically, but the conventional emotional roles of traditional families of the time are redistributed, specifically within the Westaway household.

Jordan highlights the controversial issues of premarital sex, abortion and the rights of women within the mid 20th and early 21st century. Indeed, it is this theme of women that becomes inextricably linked with the effect of a damaged reputation. The issue of abortion is later revisited when Charlotte becomes pregnant in the s, where the contrast between the time periods becomes evident; while unplanned pregnancy is greatly stigmatised in the s, the s offers Charlotte a far wider array of options. Within the parameters of her text, Jordan articulates how men conform or reject masculine tropes in an effort to fit into society. Toughness, bulling and unsavory activity are presented as the characteristics of a man through such depictions of Mac and his gang. In its connection to the war period, the novel partly focuses on the notion that in order to be classified as a man he must first go through struggle and hardship as presented in the group of strangers taunting Jack, ultimately bullying him into certain ideals of masculinity which prove toxic and consequential - Jack dies as a result.

The derogative slang used for the Japanese represents a lack of understanding and fear the bombing of Darwin and attack on Sydney left many feeling particularly vulnerable to the Japanese. Exacerbated by the fact that Japanese culture was not widely understood and was often misrepresented, the Japanese were stereotyped as brutal and inhuman. Over the course of the novel, attitudes towards Asia dramatically shift especially within the early s of Stanzi and Charlotte's generation.

The philosophical ideas of the east are often referenced by characters like Charlotte as she draws on them to make sense of her own complex life. The novel sees another shift in ideology represented through Alec as his generation's perception turns to a more commercial view. Asian culture has earned a place in mainstream media and western life without such gruesome and violent connotations as were previously held during the time of World War II. By the way, to download a PDF version of this blog for printing or offline use, click here!

Download a PDF version of this blog for printing or offline use. The Complete Maus is a graphic novel that depicts the story of Vladek Spiegelman , a Polish Jewish Holocaust survivor who experienced living in the ghettos and concentration camps during the Nazi regime. For example, Vladek explains to Art that he was able to exploit his work constantly through undertaking the roles of a translator and a shoemaker in order to access extra food and clothing by being specially treated by the Polish Kapo. Although survival is a key theme, the graphic novel explores how Holocaust survivors in The Complete Maus grapple with their deep psychological scars.

Throughout the graphic novel, her depression is apparent. Her ears are additionally drawn as drooped, with her hands positioned as if she was in prison in the context is that she must go to a sanatorium for her depression. He believes he is partly responsible for her death, due to him neglecting their relationship. Spiegelman also conveys to readers his sense of frustration with Vladek where he feels like he is being treated like a child, not as an adult.

Since we're talking about themes, we've broken down a theme-based essay prompt one of five types of essay prompts for you in this video:. The Complete Maus is a graphic novel that may seem daunting to analyse compared to a traditional novel. However, with countless panels throughout the book, you have the freedom to interpret certain visuals so long as you give reasoning and justification, guiding the teacher or examiner on what you think these visuals mean.

Here are some suggested tips:. Spiegelman may have purposely drawn the eyes of the Jewish mice as visible in contrast to the unapparent eyes of the Nazis to humanise and dehumanise characters. By allowing readers to see the eyes of Jewish mice, readers can see the expressions and feelings of the character such as anger and determination. Effectively, we can see them as human characters through their eyes. When the readers see their eyes, they appear sinister , with little slits of light. By analysing the depictions and expressions of characters, readers can deduce how these characters are intended to be seen.

Throughout the graphic novel, symbols of the Holocaust appear consistently in the background. Some of the panels in the graphic novel are of different sizes which Spiegelman may have intended to emphasise the significance of certain turning points, crises or feelings. For example, on page 34, there is a disproportionate panel of Vladek and Anja passing a town, seeing the first signs of the Nazi regime compared to the following panels. All the mice seem curious and concerned, peering at the Nazi flag behind them. This panel is significant as it marks the beginning of a tragic regime that would dominate for the rest of their lives.

You should also pay close attention to how some panels have a tendency to overlap with each other which could suggest a link between events, words or feelings. Although not specifically targeted at Text Response, 10 Things to Look for in Cartoons is definitely worth a read for any student studying a graphic novel! At the heart of innovative technology and products lies exceptional human creativity. Our brains are practically wired to create and innovate newness.

Naturally, the influx of products entering the market creates a consumer frenzy. Suddenly, everything is a commodified entity with a dollar-sign attached to it. Its inherent value lies in how much consumers covet the item. An idea of a communication device - both sleek in its functionality and aesthetic - is mass produced, consumed by millions and the cycle perpetuates itself. It is an item so coveted and desired, a year-old boy from China sold a kidney to buy the iPad and iPhone. While those campaigns are successful in raising better awareness and positivity in the realm of conservation, they do not change the ways in which we live and consume. These are the kind of thoughts that popped into my mind after reading Extinction.

As the passionate environmentalists and pragmatic ecologists are entangled in ethical quandaries, the playwright also illustrates how divorcing your mindset from emotion is a universal struggle. Furthermore, she explores how moral conviction is consistently at odds with the demands of the personal and professional domains we inhabit. When the CEO of Powerhouse mining, Harry Jewell, bursts into a wildlife rescue centre in Cape Otway, holding a critically injured and endangered tiger quoll, he inadvertently catalyses a conflict that will draw out the prejudices withheld by the trio of environmentalists.

This prospect changes when Harry - big coal - offers 'two million dollars on the table' to fund the tiger quoll campaign. She is eventually persuaded to head the tiger quoll project. Whereas, Professor Dixon-Brown enjoys the uncomplicatedness of numbers and statistics. However, her carefully crafted algorithm fails to differentiate between the diversity of animals within the ecosphere. Through the heated dialogue between environmentalists, ecologists and mining moguls, Hannie Rayson delivers the message that as a society we should not be so reliant on simplifying individuals based on age-old presumptions and surface-level characteristics.

In highlighting the binary oppositions of the two men working in different fields, the play acknowledges how prejudice inhibits potential collaborations. Both men are committed to the same cause. Our overwhelmingly positive reactions towards such campaigns is based on a societal gravitation towards the aesthetically pleasing which bleeds into the next thematic idea revolving around our fixation on appearance surface-level. Essentially, in the context of this play, the preferential treatment of endangered animals reflects our own biased thinking. The idea of vanity also pervades the sub-consciousness of both male and female protagonists.

Against the backdrop of environmental conservation dilemmas, Hannie Rayson manages to entwine a secondary story strand which captures the insecurities peppering the female experience in this contemporary age. It is in this way that Rayson articulates a broader thematic idea that womanhood is still being defined in terms of attractiveness and perseveration of youth. Both of which Harry indignantly refutes. This is also the central conflict faced by all the characters who engage in seemingly non-committal relationships and false expectation.

It is through these failed trysts that Rayson disapproves of uninhibited sexual impulses and by extension, criticises the increasing promiscuity in contemporary times. Conversely, Professor Dixon-Brown is forced to make an ethical compromise to prevent a career besmirching orchestrated by a mass-email insinuating a sordid romance between her and her newest collaborator, Harry Jewell. Other thematic ideas that relate to this umbrella phrase include: misuse of authority and ethics of the digital world. This, undoubtedly, compromises both of their careers as professionals. However, it is the facades that count in the play. The injured tiger quoll was a life-giving entity.

Technically, if she recovered fully, the tiger quoll could be the solution to its endangered status. He has inadvertently projected his own fears and anxieties over his GSS diagnosis onto the critically injured creature. Essentially, in the moment of mutual pain, Andy could resonate with the tiger quoll. My theory is that the images of casual sex serve as an ironic layer to a play titled Extinction. Both Piper and Heather unwittingly develop sexual relations with Jewell on a casual basis which symbolises how intercourse is no longer purely valued as a means for continuing the species.

They show how mankind is centred on pleasure and instant gratification, prioritising the self above all matters. They demonstrate how modern living expectations, consumerism and the perpetuation of gluttony have led to a plateau in human evolution. As I was reading the text, a recurring question kept nagging at me: Why are there intimate scenes sandwiched between the layers of ideological conflict and tension? Oh my goodness, are these characters THAT sexually frustrated? The opening scene showcases how vets and environmentalists alike are surprised by the first sighting of a tiger quoll in a decade. Typically, stormy weather is symbolic of chaos and unpredictability.

The audiological stage cue characterises Jewell as an unwanted presence of chaos and noise. We've offered a few different types of essay topics below. For more sample essay topics, head over to our Extinction Study Guide to practice writing essays using the analysis you've learnt in this blog! This essay prompt is an example of a theme-based prompt. It specifies both 'personal integrity' and 'environmental responsibility' as themes for you to consider. Let's get started. In fact, the only materials that can be found on the internet are those analysing the older translation of the play titled The Trojan Women. That is why we are here to help you as much as we can by offering you a mini-guide for Women of Tro y, in the hope that you can get a head start with this play.

Women of Troy is a tragedy which takes place in the immediate aftermath of the Trojan war, critiquing the atrocities committed by the Greeks to both people of Melos and Troy. By constructing a play in which women are able to dominate the stage and exude their genuine despair in response to their impending enslavement, Euripides shifts the perspectives from epic tales of Greek and Trojan male heroes to the conversely affected women who suffered at the hands of the heroes, while simultaneously providing both the contemporary and modern audience with a unique insight into the true cost of war. This is especially significant because the society was pervaded by patriarchal values, where women were subordinated to their male counterparts.

The Trojan war occurred as a result of the conflict between Greece and Troy and was said to last for over 10 years. According to a tale, during a festival on the Olympus, Athena, Aphrodite and Hera were fighting over a golden apple. They chose a random mortal, which was Paris who would then be the Prince of Troy, to decide who the most beautiful goddess of the three was. As a reward for picking her, Aphrodite promised Paris that he would be married to the most beautiful woman in the world, which was Helen — wife of Menelaus, the Spartan prince.

Aphrodite had her son Eros a cupid enchant Helen and Paris so that they would fall endlessly in love with each other. Menelaus was enraged and he convinced his brother Agamemnon to lead an expedition to retrieve Helen. The Greek army was commanded to attack the Trojans. The siege lasted for more than 10 years until the Greeks came up with a strategy to abduct Helen from the palace. The Greek soldiers build a giant wooden horse and hid in there to get in the citadel of Troy, attacking them in the middle of the night and winning the war. After the war, the Greek heroes slowly made their way home, however, the journey home was not easy. Odysseus took 10 years to make the arduous journey home to Ithaca because Poseidon agreed to punish the Greeks for the atrocities committed before and after their victory.

He often criticises the goddess of love, Aphrodite, for enchanting mortals and leading them into a life governed by love and lust. This manoeuvres the audience into acknowledging the pointlessness of the Trojan war as it is not worth risking so many lives over Helen or any minor military conflict. In doing so, Euripides once again lambastes the actions of those vindictive and bloodthirsty Greeks. The play primarily focuses on the loss and pain of the Trojan civilians that survived the war, are sieged in the city after the war and are eventually either killed or enslaved after the fall of Troy.

While the Trojan war is the setting of many famous classical works being examined by various different angles, not many focus on the consequences suffered by women. You can also use the evidence from the above to justify your arguments on the cost of war. They all aim to magnify the extent to which the Trojan people, as well as the Greeks, have to suffer as result of this pointless war. This is evidenced through the ways in which Hellenic people build temples and make sacrifices to the gods, thanking the gods for allowing them to live prosperous lives and begging for their forgiveness whenever they wrong others.

This is why it is significant when Hecuba referred to the gods as 'betrayers' in her lamentation, implying that there is a change in attitude in time of tragedy. Events such as this make people question their fate and belief, galvanising them to wonder 'what good [gods] were to [them]. Some characters in Women of Troy are also fundamentally driven by their sense of duty and integrity, and act according to their moral code regardless of what the circumstances may be. Hecuba, for instance, sympathises with the Chorus of Troy and acts as a leader even when she loses her title and her home.

She is held responsible for her actions but is still governed by her honesty and integrity as Helen makes her plea. Talthybius is also governed by both his sense of duty and integrity. However, he does not disregard her sense of morality and treats Hecuba with understanding and sensitivity. Helen, on the other hand, does not demonstrate the same degree of moral uprightness. In time of tragedy, she chooses to lie and shift the blame to others to escape her execution. The prologue of the play opens with a conversation between Poseidon and Athena, foreshadowing their divine retribution against the Greeks.

Witnessing the immediate aftermath of the Trojan war, they curse the war which they ironically themselves initiated, thus condemning the horrific injustice of the conflict and the actions of its vengeful and blood thirsty so-called heroes. This is evidenced through the ways in which they punished Odysseus by creating obstacles on his journey home. However, it can also be argued that the gods in Women of Troy themselves act as a symbol of injustice in a way. The divine intervention which is promised in the beginning casts the following injustices cursed upon the women of Troy in a different light as it can be argued that the gods caused the war. While their retribution against the Greeks can be seen as a means to punish the heroes, it is evident that that they are more concerned about the sacrilege committed and the disrespect they receive after the Trojan war than the injustices suffered by women.

This thereby humanises the gods and fortifies the notion that they also have personal flaws and are governed by their ego and hubris. It can be argued that the chain of unfortunate events are unpredictable as they are determined by gods, whose emotions and prejudices still control the way they act. On the other hand, the characters in the play do at times make choices that would lead to their downfall and tragic consequences.

For instance, it is Menelaus who decided to go after the Trojans just because of one woman and he was not enchanted or under any influence of divine intervention. Euripides centres his play on Trojan women, enabling the discussion on the cause and effect of war. The protagonist Hecuba, for example, is portrayed as the archetypal mother. While this image is presented during the aftermath of the Trojan war, Euripides also uses Hecuba as a representative of contemporary Hellenic women as this archetype is universal for all circumstances.

This implies that the protagonist, in this instance, also acts as a diatribe against the patriarchal society which allows women to suffer greatly as a result of war and military conflict. Talthybius is sympathetic towards women, establishing himself as a complicated figure with a strong sense of integrity. This is epitomised through the ways in which he employs euphemistic language when announcing the dreadful news to Hecuba. He was being sensitive and subtle instead of abruptly delivering the news. While he represents an enemy state, he shows that men can also be compassionate, contradicting the Phallocentric belief that men should only be governed by cool logic.

It can be argued that Hecuba acts as the paradigm of the Trojan women as her pain i. The Chorus of the play often echoes her deepest pain, establishing a sense of camaraderie between female characters of the play. In this play, the Chorus acts as the voice of the 'wretched women of Troy', representing the views of the unspoken who are objectified and mistreated by their male counterparts. After Troy lost the war, women were seen as conquests and were traded as slaves, exposing the unfair ethos of a society that was seen as the cradle of civilisation.

By allowing the Trojan women to express their indignation and enmity as a response to their impending slavery, Euripides is able to present a critique on the ways in which women were oppressed in Ancient Greece. Why are these important? Watch how we integrated literary devices as pieces of evidence in this essay topic breakdown:. TIP: See section ' 7. Staged in a patriarchal society, Women of Troy was set during the immediate aftermath of the Trojan war — a war between the Greeks and the Trojans. Hecuba is the former queen of Troy, who suffered so much loss as the mother of her children as well as the mother of Troy.

She lost her son Hector and her husband in the Trojan war, her daughter Polyxena also died and Cassandra was raped. After the Greeks won, women were allocated to Greek households and forced into slavery, including the queen of Troy. She was also the mother of Paris, the prince of Troy. It was purported that Paris and Helen were responsible for initiating the war as Helen was governed by her lust for Paris and left Menelaus, the Spartan prince, for this young prince of Troy.

Consequently, Menelaus was enraged by this elopement and declared that he wanted Helen dead as a punishment for her disloyalty. Helen defended herself and lied that it was against her will, crying that she was kidnapped and blamed Hecuba for the fall of Troy and for the conflict between the two sides. However, Menelaus did not believe what Helen had to say and decided to bring her back to her home on a separate ship. The play ended with the Greek ships leaving Troy, which was then on fire. The Trojan were singing a sad song together as they left to prepare for their new lives as slaves living in Greek households.

It requires you to have a much more profound knowledge of the text, and it is not always easy to spot language features, especially in a poetic sounding play like Women of Troy. There is just so much going on in the text! These types of evidence are definitely worth looking for because they can also be used as evidence to back up your arguments for theme-based or character-based prompts learn more about the different types of prompts in How To Write A Killer Text Response. The first thing I always do is to look for keywords. The key words in this prompt are 'structure, 'role of women' and 'suffering'. In a male-dominated, patriarchal society, women are oftentimes oppressed and seen as inferior.

Their roles in the society were limited, they were only seen as domestic housewives and mothers. It is important to look for evidence that either supports or contradicts this statement. Ask yourself:. It might include:. Once a prompt is carefully broken down, it is no longer that scary because all we have to do now is organise our thoughts and write our topic sentences. It is significant that Euripides chose to have a strong female protagonist, as the character herself acts as a diatribe against the patriarchal society, contradicting any engrained beliefs that pervaded the society at the time. An example of evidence that can support this statement is the way in which Hecuba dominates the stage while giving her opening lamentation.

The lengthy nature of the monologue itself enables Euripides to present his proto-feminist ideas and go against the Hellenic gendered prejudice. She refers to them as 'my children' and employs the simile 'a mother at her plundered nest'. The way the Greek playwright constructs the relationship between characters is worth mentioning as Hecuba in this play is portrayed as a compassionate and empathetic leader, showing that women are also capable of leading others in a way that engenders a sense of camaraderie between them. Another good thinking point is to talk about how Helen acts as a paradigm of a group of women who had to turn to deception and go against their integrity to survive in time of tragedy.

Another piece of evidence that I would talk about is the simile 'dragged as a slave'. It was used to describe Hecuba, the former queen of Troy. By likening someone who used to be at a position of power to 'a slave', Euripides underscores the drastic change in circumstances that occurred as a result of the Trojan war, magnifying the tremendous amount of loss Hecuba experienced. There is, of course, plenty of other evidence out there such as the way in which Cassandra is portrayed as a 'poor mad child', her helplessness in surrendering to her 'wretched' fate with Agamemnon who wanted her for himself.

The use of symbolism can also be discussed. The last body paragraph of our essays is often the one used to challenge the prompt, showing the assessors our wealth of ideas and depth of knowledge. Basically, what we are saying is 'while our playwright is obviously pro-women, he definitely does not condone everything women do and criticise everything men do'. In this way, we have the opportunity to explore the ways characters are constructed and the ways they are used in the play to convey its meaning. If I were to write an essay on this, I would talk about Talthybius and Helen, mainly because they are both complex characters that the audience cannot fully love or hate.

Talthybius is surprisingly sympathetic towards women, establishing himself as a complicated figure. This is epitomised by the ways in which he employs euphemistic language when announcing the dreadful news to Hecuba. Similar to Talthybius, Helen is also a complicated figure as she is both a victim of fate and a selfish character. It is possible for the audience to sympathise with her as she is merely a victim of fortune in that she was bewitched by Aphrodite and governed by her love for Paris, the prince of Troy. However, the ways in which she shifts the blame to Hecuba and makes her pleas preclude the audience from completely sympathising with her they, in a way, render her as a self-absorbed and repugnant character.

This notion is further fortified by the fact that she cared so little for the 'tens of thousands' lives taken on her behalf as the phrase quantifies and magnifies the cataclysmic consequences of her lust for Paris. These ABC components are:. The quote mentions long-lasting sufferings , and the prompt seems to ask who suffers, and who is responsible. This is best done through how you thread your arguments together, and how you make those links. Hecuba and the Trojan women suffer, and they argue Helen is responsible - but Helen also suffers, and she argues that the gods are responsible. The gods, as we know, are insulated from suffering because of their divine and superhuman status. So, are they the villains?

This is a similar progression of ideas that we have seen before, but I want to ground them in this cycle of suffering-responsibility. P1: The eponymous women of Troy certainly suffer, and in many of their eyes, Helen is a villain. P2: However, Helen does not see herself that way - and she is not incorrect. She too seems to suffer, and she sees the gods as the main villains who are responsible. The contention for this one will be: the Trojan War undoubtedly has its winners and losers, and few of these characters agree on who the responsible villains are, with some blaming Helen P1 while she herself blames the gods P2.

However, the gods only form a part of the picture - rather, Euripides depicts war itself as the villain, lambasting those who take pride in inflicting cruelty in the midst of war P3. Mine was always that I would open my booklet in reading time and find essay topics that I had never considered, and that I would waste time just trying to figure out where to start in tackling my essay. So, in my exam, I was lucky enough to be able to write a Text Response and a Reading and Comparing essay on topics very similar to essays I had already written. This meant that for the first hour or so of my exam, I was quietly confident that I would be more than fine.

So many students put much more pressure on themselves than they can actually handle, and I was one of them. Halfway through my exam, I completely lost my train of thought. I was suddenly very overwhelmed and all I wanted to do was spit out my last two essays and get out of that hall. Luckily, I was wrong about those essays. Here are my tips for staying on track and getting past any panic you might feel during your exam.

However, what use is your knowledge if you spend your exam trying not to fall asleep?! For the th time - sleep! Eat well! My breakfast favourite during exams was oats with raspberries and banana - a bit of sugar, a good amount of carbs, and having a nice brekkie always put me in a good mood! Before starting each essay, jot down a basic plan that will help you remember your key points and contention. While that may not make much sense to you, as the person writing the essay it helps me remember what my key points are, which is incredibly helpful if you start feeling overwhelmed.

Yes, the English exam is all about time management, and so I can understand wanting to push through any panicky feelings, and keep writing when your time is precious. Give yourself one minute. Watching the clock, think about nothing for a couple of seconds. Drink some water and give your brain a break. Overall , preparing yourself to maintain a clear head is the key to success. Good luck! Here are some extremely useful tips that I have acquired from completing both Japanese and Chinese listening exams.

They are very applicable to the EAL exam and will hopefully make you feel more confident about this new component! I just need to write down the correct answer, it's a piece of cake. The VCAA examiners will look at the accuracy of your answer, grammar and spelling. They even look at how well you phrase your response! I hope you are! Give it a go, it is not as scary as you think! However, keep in mind that annotating texts is a powerful step in getting to know your text and optimising your essay responses. To annotate means to add notes to a text where you provide extra comments or explanations usually in the margins of the book.

It is very much an activity for yourself, because it allows you to become an active reader — where you are engaged in thinking about the plot, themes, characters etc. As a result, active readers are more likely to become immersed in the story, absorb the ideas better, be more open-minded and therefore usually develop their own unique interpretation of the text. While annotating may not come so naturally to some of you, this guide below should definitely equip you with a good starting ground! Think of your text as a colouring book.

Use different coloured highlighters for different themes. Think of it as creating a trail for you to follow throughout the book. Creating a legend at the start of the book for example, in the contents page can help you keep track of which colour stands for which theme. Circle new vocabulary. Look it up and then write their definitions next to the word. Write notes in the margins. Here you can summarise the significant points of a passage without needing to re-read the whole thing again. Use a pencil rather than pen. However, avoid writing full comprehensive notes in the margins. Use a separate workbook or a word document for that! Be open to different interpretations. Remember that you can be ambiguous with your ideas, understanding a certain character or theme from multiple perspectives offers you a variety of ideas that can be applied in your essay.

All texts are complex works of art with a wealth of opportunity for exploration. Got burning questions that pop up? Put down a question mark and do some research. The better you understand your text now, the greater understanding you will have of events that occur later in the text. Mark literary devices. Symbols, metaphors, alliteration, assonance — the list goes on.

Use shapes such as circles, triangles, squares and create a legend in order to keep track of the different literary devices that present themselves throughout the text. Dog-ear important passages. Some key passages can be lengthy spreading over several pages , and it can be a pain to highlight pages and pages of a book it might too much for your eyes to handle too — ouch! To stand out, you should try to find those quotes that are equally powerful but are somewhat overlooked or underrated.

Annotate study notes and study guides. Draw smiley faces or frowns in areas where you agree or disagree. This can be the basis of an interesting discussion in your own essay. Show that you know the in and outs of the text so well that if someone else were to pick it up, they would have no idea where to even begin! Having proper notes in the right places and annotations will make the biggest difference. Keep in mind that annotating does not equal skimming where you briefly speed-read through your text. Take it slow and easy! Students including yourself perhaps may believe that:.

Stop right there!

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