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Creative Writing: Pogoda



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Moscow Cinema , opened in on the site of Saint Paul and Peter Church of the 5th century, is an important example of the Soviet-era architecture. In , a monument was erected near the Yerevan Railway Station dedicated to the legendary Armenian hero David of Sassoun. The monumental statue of Mother Armenia is a female personification of the Armenian nation, erected in , replacing the huge statue of Joseph Stalin in the Victory park. Komitas Pantheon is a cemetery opened in where many famous Armenians are buried, while the Yerablur Pantheon, is a military cemetery where over 1, Armenian martyrs of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict are buried since Many new notable buildings were constructed after the independence of Armenia such as the Yerevan Cascade , and the Saint Gregory Cathedral opened in to commemorate the th anniversary of Christianity in Armenia.

In May , a monumental statue of the prominent Armenian statesman and military leader Garegin Nzhdeh was erected at the centre of Yerevan. Yerevan is served by the Zvartnots International Airport , located 12 kilometres 7 miles west of the city center. It is the primary airport of the country. Inaugurated in during the Soviet era, Zvartnots airport was renovated for the first time in and a second time in in order to adapt to international norms. It went through a facelift starting in with the construction of a new terminal. The first phase of the construction ended in September with the opening of the arrivals zone. A second section designated for departures was inaugurated in May The departure terminal is anticipated, October housing state of the art facilities and technology.

This will make Yerevan Zvartnots International Airport, the largest, busiest and most modern airport in the entire Caucasus. Currently there are no national airlines operating in Armenia. A second airport, Erebuni Airport , is located just south of the city. Since the independence, "Erebuni" is mainly used for military or private flights.

The Armenian Air Force has equally installed its base there and there are several MiGs stationed on Erebuni's tarmac. Public transport in Yerevan is heavily privatized and mostly handled by around 60 private operators. As of May , 39 city bus lines are being operated throughout Yerevan. However, the market share these buses in public transit is only about But the These are about Russian-made GAZelle vans with 13 seats, that operate same way as buses, having 79 different lines with certain routes and same stops.

According to Yerevan Municipality office, in future, marshrutkas should be replaced by ordinary larger buses. Despite having about 13 seats, the limit of passengers is not controlled, so usually these vans carry many more people who stand inside. The Yerevan trolleybus system has been operating since Some old Soviet-era trolleybuses have been replaced with comparably new ones. As of May , only 5 trolleybus lines are in operation 2. The trolleybus system is owned and operated by the municipality. The tram network that operated in Yerevan since was decommissioned in January Its operation had a cost 2. Since the closure, the rails have been dismantled and sold.

Due to being dispersed among dozens of private operators, the transportation is barely regulated, with only trip fee is being a subject of regulation. Thus, the quality of vehicles is often inadequate, with no certain regulations for safety. Unlike the majority of world capitals, there is no established ticketing system in Yerevan's public transportation. Passengers need to pay the money directly to the driver when getting out of the vehicle. The fare -being one of the few things that is regulated- is fixed and controlled by authorities.

The central station in Nor Kilikia neighborhood serves as bus terminal for inter-city transport, serving outbound routes towards practically all the cities of Armenia as well as abroad, notably Tbilisi and Tabriz. It has a single line of The interiors of the stations resemble that of the former western Soviet nations, with chandeliers hanging from the corridors. The metro stations had most of their names changed after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the independence of the Republic of Armenia. A northeastern extension of the line with two new stations is currently being developed. The construction of the first station Ajapnyak and of the one-kilometre 0. Another long-term project is the construction of two new lines, but these have been suspended due to lack of finance.

Yerevan has a single central railway station several railway stations of suburbs have not been used since that is connected to the metro via the Sasuntsi Davit station. The railway station is made in Soviet-style architecture with its long point on the building roof, representing the symbols of communism: red star , hammer and sickle. Due to the Turkish and Azerbaijani blockades of Armenia, there is only one international train that passes by once every two days, with neighboring Georgia being its destination. For a sum of 9 to 18 dram , it is possible to take the night train to the Georgian capital, Tbilisi. The only railway that goes to Iran to the south passes by the closed border of Nakhchivan. For this reason, there are no trains that go south from Yerevan.

During the first decade of the 21st century, the South Caucasus Railway CJSC — which is the current operator of the railway system in Armenia—announced its readiness to put the Yerevan-Gyumri-Kars railway line in service in case the Armenian-Turkish protocols are ratified and the opening of the borders between the two countries is achieved. The Yerevan-Ararat-Yerevan route is temporarily not in operation, while the Yerevan-Tbilisi-Yerevan route will operate starting from 2 October Armenia is among the top 10 safest countries where one can wander around and go home alone safely at night. Even though the economic crisis of the '90s ravaged the industry of the country, several factories remain always in service, notably in the petrochemical and the aluminium sectors.

Armenian beverages, especially Armenian cognac and beer, have a worldwide fame. The 2 tobacco producers in Yerevan are the "Cigaronne" and "Grand Tabak" companies. Carpet industry in Armenia has a deeply rooted history with ancient traditions, therefore, carpet production is rather developed in Yerevan with three major factories that also produce hand-made rugs. Food products include processed meat, all types of canneries, wheat and flour, sweets and chocolate, dried fruits, soft drinks and beverages. Building materials mainly include travertine, crushed stones, asphalt and asphalt concrete. As an attractive outsourcing location for Western European, Russian and American multinationals, Yerevan headquarters many international companies.

The construction sector has experienced a significant growth during the 1st decade of the 21st century. This growth was coupled with a significant increase in real estate prices. Many major construction projects has been conducted in Yerevan, such as the Northern Avenue and the rehabilitation of Old Yerevan on Aram Street. The Northern Avenue is completed and was opened in , while the Old Yerevan project is still under development.

In the past few years, the city centre has also witnessed major road reconstruction, as well as the renovation of the Republic square, funded by the American-Armenian billionaire Kirk Kerkorian. On the other hand, the Argentina-based Armenian businessman Eduardo Eurnekian took over the airport, while the cascade development project was funded by the US based Armenian millionaire Gerard L. However, the sector has significantly dropped by the end of the 1st decade of the 21st century, as a result of the global real estate crisis in — In February , the urban development committee of the government revealed its plans for the upcoming major construction projects in the city.

The location of the city on the shores of Hrazdan river has enabled the production of hydroelectricity. The city is also home to the Yerevan Thermal Power Plant , a unique facility in the region for its quality and high technology, situated in the southern part of the city. Originally opened in , a modern plant was built in , furnished with a new gas-steam combined cycled turbine, to generate electric power. The power station will be in service in In addition to the mobile network providers, many other small and middle-size companies are also involved in internet services. Access to the Internet in Armenia is largely unfettered. However, according to Article 11 of the Law of the Republic of Armenia on Police, law enforcement has the right to block content to prevent criminal activity.

HayPost is the official national postal operator of Armenia. Based in Yerevan, it currently operates through postal offices across Armenia. Tourism in Armenia is developing year by year and the capital city of Yerevan is one of the major tourist destinations. Zvartnots airport has also conducted renovation projects with the growing number of tourists visiting the country. Numerous places in Yerevan are attractive for tourists, such as the dancing fountains of the Republic Square, the State Opera House, the Cascade complex , the ruins of the Urartian city of Erebuni Arin Berd , the historical site of Karmir Blur Teishebaini , etc.

The largest hotel of the city is the Ani Plaza Hotel. The location of Yerevan itself, is an inspiring factor for the foreigners to visit the city in order to enjoy the view of the biblical mount of Ararat , as the city lies on the feet of the mountain forming the shape of a Roman amphitheatre. There are many historical sites, churches and citadels in areas and regions surrounding the city of Yerevan, such as Garni Temple , Zvartnots Cathedral , the monasteries of Khor Virap and Geghard , etc. Casino Shangri La and Pharaon Complex are among the largest leisure and entertainment centres of the city.

Many world-famous music stars, Russian music celebrities, as well as Armenian singers from diaspora, occasionally perform in concerts in Yerevan. The Yerevan Zoo founded in , the Yerevan Circus opened in , and the Yerevan Water World opened in , are among the popular entertaining centres in the city. Another popular landmarks is the Yerevan Cascade and the "Cafesjian Sculpture Garden" on Tamanyan Street with its pedestrian zone, featuring many coffee shops, bars, restaurants, and pubs at the sidewalks. The "Cafesjian Center for the Arts" regularly organizes art events throughout the year, including classical music series, traditional folk dance events, and live concerts of jazz, pop and rock music.

International study conducted by Mercer and published in identified Yerevan to offer higher quality of living, than other capital cities of Transcaucasia. Yerevan is a major educational centre in the region. The rest of the schools about 40 are privately owned. The municipality also runs kindergartens throughout the city. As of [update] , around 60 higher education institutions are accredited and licensed to operate in the Republic of Armenia.

Yerevan is home to about 50 universities, nearly half of which are public. Under the Soviet rule, Yerevan has turned into a major centre for science and research. It was founded in as the Armenian Branch of the Soviet Academy of Sciences to become the primary body that conducts research and coordinates activities in the fields of science in Armenia. Football is the most played and popular sport in Yerevan and the entire country. Hrazdan Stadium in Yerevan is the largest sports venue of Armenia. The 2nd-largest stadium in the city is the Vazgen Sargsyan Republican Stadium which currently serves as the primary home ground of the Armenia national football team.

The Football Academy of Yerevan operated by the Football Federation of Armenia is an up-to-date training academy complex, opened in As of , there are around mini-football pitches among the courtyards of the Yerevan neighborhoods, built by the municipal authorities. Armenia has always excelled in chess with its players being very often among the highest ranked and decorated. The city is home to a large number of chess teams and training schools. In , despite the severe economic conditions in the country, Yerevan hosted the 32nd Chess Olympiad.

Armenian won the chess Olympiad for the 3rd time in in Istanbul. The Yerevan-born leader of the chess national team; Levon Aronian , is one of the top chess players in the world. Despite the popularity of basketball in Armenia, the country's national team only recently made headlines internationally through winning the FIBA European Championship for Small Countries. However, the country's best players are diaspora Armenians, mainly from the United States and Russia.

The first ever season of the professional domestic basketball competition of Armenia, known as Armenia Basketball League A , was launched in October with 7 participating teams. Tennis is also among the popular sports in Yerevan. Several tennis clubs operate in the city, with many of them founded during the Soviet days. Incourt Tennis Club -founded in — is the largest in the city, with many indoor and outdoor courts. Sargis Sargsian and Ani Amiraghyan are the most successful tennis players of Armenia. Armenia has produced many Olympic champions in artistic gymnastics during the Soviet days, such as Hrant Shahinyan , Albert Azaryan and Eduard Azaryan.

The success of the Armenian gymnasts in the Olympic competitions has greatly contributed in the popularity of the sport. Thus, many prominent competitors represent the country in the European and World championships, including Artur Davtyan and Harutyun Merdinyan. Yerevan has many state-owned schools of artistic gymnastics, including the Albert Azaryan School opened in and the Hrant Shahinyan School opened in Karen Demirchyan Sports and Concerts Complex [] is the largest indoor arena in the city and the entire country.

It is mostly used for indoor sport events, including ice hockey and figure skating shows. On the other hand, Dinamo and Mika indoor arenas are the regular venues for domestic and regional competitions of basketball , volleyball , handball and futsal. Armenia Sports Union Spartak Sports Union between and is a sports society mainly involved in individual Olympic sports, including boxing , weightlifting , athletics , wrestling , taekwondo , table tennis , etc. It was founded in , and is home to individual as well as team sport schools, such as wrestling, boxing, weightlifting, judo , athletics, acrobatic gymnastics , artistic gymnastics , swimming , table tennis, cycling, basketball, volleyball and handball.

It is a state of the art sports complex, with training facilities for most Olympic individual and team sports, as well as water sports. It is also home to the anti-doping medical centre and a hotel designated to accommodate more than athletes. Equestrian sport was introduced to Armenia in It is the centre of equestrian sport and horse racing in Armenia.

Golf has been introduced to the citizens of Yerevan in , with the foundation of the Ararat Valley Country Club in the Vahakni neighbourhood of Ajapnyak District. It is the first-ever golf course opened in Armenia as well as the Transcaucasian region. Arena Bowling and Billiards Club is an up-to-date sports and leisure centre opened in and located on Mashtots Avenue in central Yerevan. Cycling as a sport is becoming popular among the young generation. The Yerevan Velodrome is an outdoor track cycling venue with international standard, opened in to replace the old venue of the Soviet days.

Futsal is also among the popular sports in Armenia. Many companies as well as universities have their own teams who participate in the Armenian Futsal Premier League. It was founded in by Hayk Ghukasyan and currently runs several branches throughout the provinces of Armenia and Artsakh with more than 2, athletes. Yerevan is twinned with: []. Yerevan also cooperates with: []. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Yerevan disambiguation. Capital of Armenia. Capital city in Armenia. See also: Timeline of Yerevan.

See also: Kura—Araxes culture. Main article: Erebuni Fortress. See also: Satrapy of Armenia. See also: Kingdom of Armenia antiquity. See also: Persian Armenia and Marzpanate Armenia. See also: Arminiya. See also: Bagratid Armenia. See also: Zakarid Armenia and Mongol Armenia. See also: Kara Koyunlu. See also: Iranian Armenia — and Erivan Khanate. See also: Armenian Oblast and Erivan Governorate. Main article: First Republic of Armenia. See also: Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic. See also: List of mayors of Yerevan. Main article: Districts of Yerevan.

See also: List of churches in Yerevan and Religion in Armenia. See also: List of museums in Yerevan. Main article: Armenian art. Main article: Music of Armenia. See also: List of theaters in Yerevan. Main article: Cinema of Armenia. Main articles: Monuments of Yerevan and List of statues in Yerevan. Main article: Trolleybuses in Yerevan. Main article: Yerevan Metro. Main article: Armenian Railway. This article needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. June Main article: Telecommunications in Armenia. See also: List of universities in Yerevan.

See also: List of sports venues in Yerevan. See also: Category:People from Yerevan. Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 2 January Armenian National Committee of America. Archived from the original on 28 October Retrieved 28 October Made of local pink tufa stones, it gives Yerevan the nickname of "the Pink City. Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 16 December To Armenians, though, the stone is unique. They often refer to Yerevan, the capital of their homeland, as "Vartakouyn Kaghak," or the "Pink City" because of the extensive use of the stone, which can vary from pink to a light purple. Archived from the original on 15 July Yerevan Municipality. Since this construction material gave a unique vividness and specific tint to the city, Yerevan was called "Rosy city".

In Hartley, Charles W. Bike; Smith, Adam T. Cambridge University Press. ISBN A Stratigraphic History of Yerevan [ Yerevan History Museum. Archived from the original on 29 November Hayastani Hanrapetutyun in Armenian. Archived from the original on 20 July Retrieved 1 February Encyclopedia of Armenian History in Armenian. Archived from the original on 5 April Retrieved 5 April University of California Press. Together the entourage rode into the nation's capital.

In Ayvazyan, Hovhannes ed. Yerevan: Armenian Encyclopedia Publishing. Statistical Committee of the Republic of Armenia. Archived from the original PDF on 25 February Archived from the original PDF on 26 February Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Atabaki, Touraj ; Mehendale, Sanjyot eds. Central Asia and the Caucasus: Transnationalism and Diaspora. New York: Routledge. Yerevantsis residents of Yerevan The Independent. Archived from the original on 15 September Retrieved 15 September Armenian Mirror-Spectator. Most of Yerevanites are enjoying better living conditions Archived from the original on 23 September Retrieved 13 September Chapter Five]". Aravot in Armenian.

Archived from the original on 18 October Retrieved 17 January A concise history of the Armenian people: from ancient times to the present 2nd ed. Costa Mesa, California: Mazda Publishers. Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 3 January New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers. Barnett In John Boardman; I. Edwards; N. Hammond; E.

Sollberger eds. The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. Berkeley: University of California Press. Archived PDF from the original on 13 November UN News. Archived from the original on 6 February Archived from the original on 6 June Retrieved 8 January Soviet Armenian Encyclopedia Volume 3. Archived from the original on 28 September Retrieved 11 December Google Ngram Viewer. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 23 June Retrieved 26 February Erevan, capital of Armenia. The snow-capped peak of Ararat is a holy mountain and national symbol for Armenians, dominating the horizon in the capital, Erevan, yet it is virtually inaccessible as it lies across the border in Turkey.

Yerevan—heart of Armenia: meetings on the roads of time. Union of Writers of Armenia. The sacred biblical mountain prevailing over Yerevan was the very visiting card by which foreigners came to know our country. Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 2 July CRW Flags. Archived from the original on 10 October Archived from the original on 16 January Archived from the original on 2 October Archived from the original PDF on 26 September Writers of verse have the freedom to experiment with less rigid forms like prose poetry or free verse, but many poets also work within structured traditions that make specific demands in terms of rhyme, rhythm, and subject matter.

With literary magazines growing immensely popular in the 19th century, short stories entered the mainstream. Novellas and the even cuter-sounding novelettes are short and even shorter novels, the word count and narrative scope of which differentiate them from short stories. Learn the fundamentals of novel-craft with Reedsy's most popular online course. Get started now. Consisting entirely of dialogue and stage directions, scriptwriting is a type of creative writing that relies heavily on subtext. Combining illustrations or visuals with text, these visual modes of storytelling also depend heavily on dialogue to build convincing characters, though unlike scripts, descriptive narration is not off-limits here.

Check out our guides to writing a graphic novel and making a comic book , and give it a go! These essays can also include travel and food writing, as well as think pieces that rely heavily on a personal perspective. Aside from casually existing within other types of creative writing, humor can also be considered as its own type of creative writing type. Much alike to online meme-making or old-school political cartoons in spirit, humor writing satirizes and lampoons to make the reader think differently about political structures, current events, and human behavior, with its primary goal being laughter. That wedding speech? Creative writing. That song you wrote for your third-grade crush? That expletive-filled Twitter thread about the latest Marvel trailer?

In reality, creative writing is much more than something for your great aunt to scoff at when discussing your major at Thanksgiving dinner. Examples of creative writing can be found pretty much everywhere. As we can see from this list, some works of nonfiction can also constitute creative writing. After all, many books and films tell stories of real people and real events. The film tells the story of real people and real events, but the script can be considered creative writing as much as the script for Jurassic Park, because it charges historical events with emotion and makes the audience feel invested in the characters.

Writing about your own life is no different. Journals and diaries—when they contain personal thoughts, experiences, or emotions—can also constitute creative writing. It just requires a bit of storytelling through more imaginative techniques. To achieve this, you can apply some of these techniques and literary devices:. Including conversations between characters can help bring them to life, while also moving the plot along without relying solely on the narrator.

This was a favorite technique of Ernest Hemingway. Famous for his simple, straightforward style, he let his characters do most of the talking, which also helped to make them more accessible and relatable. What a fine thing for our girls! You must know that I am thinking of his marrying one of them. Nonsense, how can you talk so! But it is very likely that he may fall in love with one of them, and therefore you must visit him as soon as he comes. Without Austen telling us anything directly, we as readers can get a feel for Mr. Bennet, their relationship, and what they each prioritize. Good dialogue should sound realistic, but also carry a purpose so that the story can progress in a natural way.

Alternatively, writers can choose to pack their prose with imaginative language, offering the reader vivid descriptions to evoke emotion. This is typical in many forms of creative writing, and it is often achieved through literary devices, like similes and metaphors.

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